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MILD Combustion with Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide Reforming

The objective of the project is to develop a versatile process for management and valorisation of CO2 and nitrogen with efficient renewable resource deployment.

With renewable biomass as feedstock, pyrolysis and combustion under Moderate or Intense Low-oxygen Dilution (MILD) conditions enables CO2 management and valorisation via dry reforming, resulting in generation of syngas. Biomass char from the pyrolysis can be upgraded by activation with CO2 and utilized for adsorption of nitrogen from additional biomass feedstock. 

The nitrogen-enriched char can then be used for soil carbonization and nitrification. The concept thus adopts a circular approach as it can employ biomass residues as raw material and combines the production of heat and syngas with that of porous biochar materials for several possible applications. 

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon Europe research and innovation programme under grant agreement number 101115506. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Research Executive Agency (REA). Neither the European Union nor the granting authority can be held responsible for them. 

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CO2 and nitrogen management portfolio projects

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Christian Brackmann


Email: christian [dot] brackmann [at] fysik [dot] lu [dot] se

Telephone: +46 46 222 49 62

Sven-Inge Möller. Portrait photo.

Sven-Inge Möller

Communication manager

Email: sven-inge [dot] moller [at] fysik [dot] lu [dot] se

Telephone: +46 46 222 97 28

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Hesameddin Fatehi

Portfolio manager

Email: hesameddin [dot] fatehi [at] energy [dot] lth [dot] se

Telephone: + 46 46 222 43 00

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Raffaele Ragucci

Innovation manager

Email: raffaele [dot] ragucci [at] stems [dot] cnr [dot] it


Lund University, Sweden


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DTU, Technical University of Denmark


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RISE Research Institutes of Sweden


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